Cameron R. Bass

Adjunct Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering

Cameron R. 'Dale' Bass is an Associate Research Professor with Duke's Department of Biomedical Engineering and Director of the Injury and Othopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory.

A major research focus of Dr. Bass is the study of blast-related brain injury and injury mechanisms. Past research has concentrated air containing organs, such as the lungs and bowel. Results from the limited evidence of over 80 years of experimentation suggested that the brain tolerance for blast was much greater than the pulmonary tolerance for blast. However, recent anecdotal evidence suggests that many soldiers returning from combat have symptoms that are consistent with underlying brain injuries. The etiology for these injuries is unclear and may include a spectrum of sources from blunt impact injuries to post traumatic stress disorder to primary blast injuries.

The primary goals of this research are to:

  • determine injury thresholds for blast brain injury
  • identify injury mechanisms underlying blast brain injury

This research may help reduce the frequency of brain injury caused by blast events, help identify treatments for such injury, and provide the knowledge to develop better protective equipment to protect against such injuries. Many projects involve multi-disciplinary collaborations between BME, Duke University Medical Center, Durham Veterans Affairs, and other major research institutions.

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Adjunct Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering

Contact Information


  • B.S. University of Virginia, 1980
  • Ph.D. University of Virginia, 1994

Research Interests

Biomechanics of blast, blunt and ballistic trauma and pediatric trauma. His research focuses on injury risk from microscale to macroscale for the head, neck, thorax and extremities.

Courses Taught

  • BME 394: Projects in Biomedical Engineering (GE)
  • BME 493: Projects in Biomedical Engineering (GE)
  • BME 535: Biomedical Aspects of Blast and Ballistics (GE, BB)
  • BME 590: Special Topics in Biomedical Engineering
  • BME 791: Graduate Independent Study
  • BME 792: Continuation of Graduate Independent Study
  • ME 592: Research Independent Study in Mechanical Engineering or Material Science

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Ortiz-Paparoni, M., C. Morino, J. Bercaw, J. O. ’. Eynde, R. Nightingale, and C. Bass. “Translating Cadaveric Injury Risk to Dummy Injury Risk at Iso-energy.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering, January 1, 2023.
  • Ortiz-Paparoni, Maria, Joost Op ’t Eynde, Jason Kait, Brian Bigler, Jay Shridharani, Allison Schmidt, Courtney Cox, et al. “The Human Lumbar Spine During High-Rate Under Seat Loading: A Combined Metric Injury Criteria.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering 49, no. 11 (November 2021): 3018–30.
  • Shridharani, Jay K., Maria A. Ortiz-Paparoni, Joost Op ’t Eynde, and Cameron R. Bass. “Acoustic emissions in vertebral cortical shell failure.” Journal of Biomechanics 117 (March 2021): 110227.
  • Schmidt, Allison L., Maria A. Ortiz-Paparoni, Jay K. Shridharani, Roger W. Nightingale, Frank A. Pintar, and Cameron R. Bass. “Time and temperature sensitivity of the hybrid III lumbar spine.” Traffic Injury Prevention 22, no. 6 (January 2021): 483–88.
  • Vogel, Edward W., Matthew B. Panzer, Fatima N. Morales, Nevin Varghese, Cameron R. Bass, David F. Meaney, and Barclay Morrison. “Direct Observation of Low Strain, High Rate Deformation of Cultured Brain Tissue During Primary Blast.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering 48, no. 4 (April 2020): 1196–1206.