Roger W Nightingale


Adjunct Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Dr. Nightingale's research interests include:

  • biomechanical investigations of cervical spine trauma,
  • the biomechanics of brain injury
  • development of cervical spine injury criteria, tensile responses and tensile tolerance of the cervical spine,
  • development of computational models (finite element and multi-body dynamics) of cervical spine impact,
  • factors influencing injury in airbag deployments,
  • pediatric airbag injuries and injury mechanisms,
  • factors influencing dynamic buckling of segmented structures subjected to impact loads,
  • the 3-D stability of intact and injured spinal motion segments,
  • evaluation of the performance of intrapedicular spinal instrumentation,
  • evaluation of titanium wire implants for posterior lumbar interbody fusion,
  • evaluation of the protective ability of soccer shin-guards, and
  • Accoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) imaging
  • remote palpation of breast lesions using ultrasound radiation force.

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Adjunct Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Contact Information


  • Ph.D. Duke University, 1997

Research Interests

Dr. Nightingale's current research interests include: crash test dummies, pediatric head and neck injury, the biomechanics of trauma, modeling of the human head and cervical spine, and the mechanical characterization of head and neck tissues.

Courses Taught

  • BME 493: Projects in Biomedical Engineering (GE)

Representative Publications

  • Loyd, AM; Nightingale, RW; Luck, JF; Song, Y; Fronheiser, L; Cutcliffe, H; Myers, BS; Dale Bass, CR, The compressive stiffness of human pediatric heads., Journal of Biomechanics, vol 48 no. 14 (2015), pp. 3766-3775 [10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.08.024] [abs].
  • Loyd, AM; Nightingale, RW; Song, Y; Luck, JF; Cutcliffe, H; Myers, BS; Bass, CD, The response of the adult and ATD heads to impacts onto a rigid surface., Accident; Analysis and Prevention, vol 72 (2014), pp. 219-229 [10.1016/j.aap.2014.06.022] [abs].
  • Lee, C; Loyd, AM; Nightingale, R; Myers, BS; Damon, A; Bass, CR, Three-dimensional adult male head and skull contours., Traffic Injury Prevention, vol 15 no. 4 (2014), pp. 402-406 [10.1080/15389588.2013.822492] [abs].
  • Dibb, AT; Cutcliffe, HC; Luck, JF; Cox, CA; Myers, BS; Bass, CR; Arbogast, KB; Seacrist, T; Nightingale, RW, Pediatric head and neck dynamics in frontal impact: analysis of important mechanical factors and proposed neck performance corridors for 6- and 10-year-old ATDs., Traffic Injury Prevention, vol 15 no. 4 (2014), pp. 386-394 [10.1080/15389588.2013.824568] [abs].
  • Luck, JF; Nightingale, RW; Song, Y; Kait, JR; Loyd, AM; Myers, BS; Bass, CRD, Tensile failure properties of the perinatal, neonatal, and pediatric cadaveric cervical spine., Spine (Phila Pa 1976), vol 38 no. 1 (2013), pp. E1-12 [10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182793873] [abs].
  • DeMarco, AL; Chimich, DD; Gardiner, JC; Nightingale, RW; Siegmund, GP, The impact response of motorcycle helmets at different impact severities, Accident; Analysis and Prevention, vol 42 no. 6 (2010), pp. 1778-1784 [10.1016/j.aap.2010.04.019] [abs].
  • Marcus, JR; Domeshek, LF; Loyd, AM; Schoenleber, JM; Das, RR; Nightingale, RW; Mukundan, S, Use of a three-dimensional, normative database of pediatric craniofacial morphology for modern anthropometric analysis., Plast Reconstr Surg, vol 124 no. 6 (2009), pp. 2076-2084 [10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181bf7e1b] [abs].
  • Dibb, AT; Nightingale, RW; Luck, JF; Chancey, VC; Fronheiser, LE; Myers, BS, Tension and combined tension-extension structural response and tolerance properties of the human male ligamentous cervical spine., Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol 131 no. 8 (2009) [10.1115/1.3127257] [abs].
  • Finan, JD; Nightingale, RW; Myers, BS, The influence of reduced friction on head injury metrics in helmeted head impacts., Traffic Inj Prev, vol 9 no. 5 (2008), pp. 483-488 [10.1080/15389580802272427] [abs].
  • Chancey, VC; Ottaviano, D; Myers, BS; Nightingale, RW, A kinematic and anthropometric study of the upper cervical spine and the occipital condyles., Journal of Biomechanics, vol 40 no. 9 (2007), pp. 1953-1959 [10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.09.007] [abs].
  • Nightingale, RW; Carol Chancey, V; Ottaviano, D; Luck, JF; Tran, L; Prange, M; Myers, BS, Flexion and extension structural properties and strengths for male cervical spine segments., Journal of Biomechanics, vol 40 no. 3 (2007), pp. 535-542 [10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.02.015] [abs].
  • Nightingale, RW; Winkelstein, BA; Knaub, KE; Richardson, WJ; Luck, JF; Myers, BS, Comparative strengths and structural properties of the upper and lower cervical spine in flexion and extension., Journal of Biomechanics, vol 35 no. 6 (2002), pp. 725-732 [10.1016/s0021-9290(02)00037-4] [abs].
  • Nightingale, K; Soo, MS; Nightingale, R; Trahey, G, Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging: in vivo demonstration of clinical feasibility., Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol 28 no. 2 (2002), pp. 227-235 [10.1016/s0301-5629(01)00499-9] [abs].
  • Nightingale, K; Nightingale, R; Stutz, D; Trahey, G, Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging of in vivo vastus medialis muscle under varying isometric load, Ultrasonic Imaging, vol 24 no. 2 (2002), pp. 100-108 [abs].
  • Camacho, DL; Nightingale, RW; Myers, BS, The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk., Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol 123 no. 5 (2001), pp. 432-439 [10.1115/1.1389086] [abs].
  • Nightingale, KR; Palmeri, ML; Nightingale, RW; Trahey, GE, On the feasibility of remote palpation using acoustic radiation force., The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 110 no. 1 (2001), pp. 625-634 [10.1121/1.1378344] [abs].
  • Winkelstein, BA; Nightingale, RW; Richardson, WJ; Myers, BS, The cervical facet capsule and its role in whiplash injury: a biomechanical investigation., Spine, vol 25 no. 10 (2000), pp. 1238-1246 [10.1097/00007632-200005150-00007] [abs].
  • Camacho, DL; Nightingale, RW; Myers, BS, Surface friction in near-vertex head and neck impact increases risk of injury., Journal of Biomechanics, vol 32 no. 3 (1999), pp. 293-301 [10.1016/s0021-9290(98)00178-x] [abs].
  • Francisco, AC; Nightingale, RW; Guilak, F; Glisson, RR; Jr, WEG, Comparison of soccer shin guards in preventing tibia fracture, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) Bed, vol 42 (1999), pp. 623-624 [abs].
  • Nightingale, RW; Armstrong, AJ; Camacho, DL; Myers, BS, Cervical spine buckling: The effects of vertebral mass and loading rate, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) Bed, vol 36 (1997), pp. 231-232 [abs].
  • Nightingale, RW; McElhaney, JH; Camacho, DL; Kleinberger, M; Winkelstein, BA; Myers, BS, The dynamic responses of the cervical spine: Buckling, end conditions, and tolerance in compressive impacts, Sae Technical Papers (1997) [10.4271/973344] [abs].
  • Nightingale, RW; McElhaney, JH; Richardson, WJ; Best, TM; Myers, BS, Experimental impact injury to the cervical spine: relating motion of the head and the mechanism of injury., The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume, vol 78 no. 3 (1996), pp. 412-421 [10.2106/00004623-199603000-00013] [abs].
  • Nightingale, RW; McElhaney, JH; Richardson, WJ; Myers, BS, Dynamic responses of the head and cervical spine to axial impact loading., Journal of Biomechanics, vol 29 no. 3 (1996), pp. 307-318 [10.1016/0021-9290(95)00056-9] [abs].
  • McElhaney, JH; Hopper, RH; Nightingale, RW; Myers, BS, Mechanisms of basilar skull fracture., Journal of Neurotrauma, vol 12 no. 4 (1995), pp. 669-678 [10.1089/neu.1995.12.669] [abs].